Open Access Original Research Article

Farmers Attitude towards Safe Food Production in Bangladesh: A Study in Bogra District

Rebeka Sultana, Noor Muhammad

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ARJA/2018/40213

Safe food production is a holistic way of agriculture, which tries to bridge the widening gap between man and nature. The present study was to determine the attitude of farmers towards safe food production, to explore the relationship between selected characteristics of the farmers and their attitude towards safe food production, to investigate farmer’s awareness on safe food production and to find out the constraints of safe food production in Bangladesh. Data were collected using interview schedule from a sample of 100 farmers of two upazilas of Bogra District. The duration of the study spanned a period of 6 months from October 2016 to March 2017. Descriptive statistical parameters and Pearson's Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (r) was used in this study as data analyzing tool. SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) software was used for data management and analysis. Nearly all the respondents (92.4%) have a favourable and highly favourable attitude towards safe food production. Only 4.6% farmers have an unfavourable attitude toward safe food production. The level of awareness about safe food production is low, and did reveal that both farmers and consumers are aware of the toxic effect of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Lack of knowledge and understanding of the principles of safe food production was the highest constraints faced by the farmers. The proper ways should be taken to overcome the problems. Farmer's level of education, farm size, extension media contact, agricultural training received and farming experience of the respondent showed significant positive and Constrains faced producing safe food showed significant negative relationships with their attitude towards safe food production. So these characteristics should be taken into consideration. Due to increasing amount of using pesticides safe food production should be increased and it might be possible by the favorable attitude of the farmers towards safe food.

Open Access Original Research Article

Genetic Variability and Inter-relationship for Yield and Its Components in Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.)

Khalid A. Mohamed, El Fadl Y. Elmogtaba

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ARJA/2018/41077

Present work was carried out to evaluate 19 genotypes of safflower in a randomized block                design with three replications. Observations were recorded for nine quantitative traits. Appreciable variability was displayed by all traits, especially seed yield per plant and seed yield. The               heritability estimates range between 1.9 and 81.8 %. seed yield kg/ha correlated  positively and                   not significant with all other traits except days to 50% flowering correlated negatively with seed                yield. Seed yield per plant correlated positively and highly significant with number of heads/            plant, number of seeds/plant and number of seeds/head. 1000-seed weight was significantly negatively correlated with the number of seeds/head and days to 50% flowering. The           correlation coefficient between seed yield/plant and five other traits were partitioned into                        direct and indirect effects. Maximum direct and positive effect on seed yield per plant was                recorded by number of seeds per plant which had also a positive indirect effects with all other traits. Our results indicated that the genetic material studied had a considerable level of variability              that could be exploited in future breeding programs. The study proposed the traits number                                of seeds per plant, number of heads per plant and number of seeds per head as a selection             criteria.

Open Access Original Research Article

Growth Characters of Boro Rice as Affected by Different Fertilizer Doses in Haor Area of Bangladesh

Al- Amin, M. A. Kashem, M. A. Aziz, S. Ali, T. K. Saha

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/ARJA/2018/40939

The experiment was conducted at Bahadurpur village under the Laksmanshri union of Sadar upazila of Sunamganj district during November 2014 to May 2015 to evaluate the response of different varieties with the application of different fertilizers for obtaining optimum growth of boro rice in haor area of Bangladesh. Two varieties were selected from Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI)   viz. V1= BRRI dhan 29; V2= BRRI dhan 58 and three fertilizer treatments viz. F1= Farmers' practice-based fertilizer; F2= BARC recommendation guide based fertilizer; F3= Soil test based fertilizer were included in the experiment. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with five farmer field replications. BRRI dhan58 (92.17 cm) was significantly taller than BRRI dhan29 (89.60 cm). Plant height also significantly influenced due to application of fertilizer. The tallest plant (93.84 cm) was produced due to application of BARC recommendation guide based fertilizer. Number of tillers hill-1 was significantly affected in two rice varieties at 15, 30 Days after transplanting (DAT) and at harvest. Different fertilizer application significantly affected the number of tillers hill-1 of all Days after transplanting (DAT) and at harvest. At 75 Days after transplanting (DAT), the highest number of tillers hill-1 (18.72) was produced due to application of BARC recommendation guide based fertilizer. BARC recommendation guide based fertilizer treatment show best growth performance of boro rice in haor area.         

Open Access Original Research Article

The Efficacy of Aloe-vera Coating on Postharvest Shelf Life and Quality Tomato Fruits during Storage

Liamngee Kator, Zakki Yula Hosea, Ogidi Patience Ene

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ARJA/2018/41540

The efficacy of Aloe vera coating on the postharvest shelf life and quality of tomato fruits                              in storage was evaluated. Two varieties of tomatoes namely UTC and Roma were collected from different market in Makurdi, washed and treated with Aloe vera coatings in concentrations of 0%, 20%, 60% and 100%. The tomato fruits were afterwards left in storage for a period of 16 days during which physical properties relating to tomato qualities were recorded appropriately.                            0% and 100% concentrations of Aloe vera coating produced the highest and lowest decay                          values respectively on days 7, 10, 13 and 16 with Roma having a higher decay percentage than UTC and the difference was significant. Firmness increased with increase in Aloe vera treatment at all concentrations but was not significant. Marketability of the tomato fruits treated with                             Aloe vera at 100% concentration was higher than those treated with 60%, 20% and 0% respectively with UTC variety producing higher values of marketability than Roma. Roma treated with 100% concentration of Aloe vera coating also had the highest fruit weight on days 1, 4, 7 and 16 while UTC treated with 100% concentration of Aloe vera coating recorded their peak weights on days 10 and 13 with shelf life showing no significant difference across all concentrations. Aloe vera is therefore an efficient bio-preservative and can be used as a successful alternative to synthetic preservatives.

Open Access Review Article

Sericulture as a Tool for Sustainable National Development in Nigeria- The Way Forward

Femi Ayoade

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/ARJA/2018/41849

The present review article proposed sericulture as a viable, sustainable development plan for Nigeria and as a path to diversifying the Nigerian economy away from an oil-based economy to that which is more balanced and stable. The paper identified poverty alleviation as the foremost Sustainable Development Goal for Nigeria. The reasons for Nigeria’s failure at getting rid of abject poverty in spite of decades of oil wealth were advanced. Sericulture, the agro-based business of silk production and processing was presented as a model that fits into the UNDP-identified components of a robust agribusiness plan for Nigeria. The paper concluded that a renaissance of silk production in Nigeria is possible and that while the focus on Bombyx mori sericulture should be given priority, research into the development of African wild silk moths of the indigenous (Nigerian) Anaphe sp. should be encouraged. It was recommended that collaborative efforts between government, the private sector and the academia should be actively pursued in order to develop Nigerian Sericulture. Furthermore, policies focused on the local utilization of silk and integration of this into the development of the entire textile industry was recommended.