Open Access Original Research Article

Serum Biochemistry and Haematology of Broilers Fed Baobab and Moringa Leaf Meal as Premix

A. U. Hassan, A. M. Sakaba, I. S. Harande, S. M. Isgogo, F. A. Maiyama, A. M. Bagudo, B. M. Danbare

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ARJA/2017/38179

Serum biochemistry and haematology of broilers fed baobab and moringa leaf meal as premix were studied using 36 broiler birds. The birds were grouped into six dietary treatments labeled T1, T2, T3, T4, T5 and T6 respectively. T1 was maintained on commercial premix (CP), T2 on CP and baobab (BB), T3 on commercial premix and moringa (MG), T4 on BB only, T5 on MG only and T6 on BB/MG leaf meal in 1:1 ratio. The data collected on serum biochemistry were analyzed and the results revealed that total protein was similar in all the treatments except for T3 which differ significantly (P˂ 0.05) from other treatments and albumin differ significantly (P˂ 0.05) in all the treatment groups except for T3 which did not differ (P˃0.05) from the control group. However, the highest serum protein was recorded in birds on T6 while T4 and T5 had the highest albumin values. The values for AST in T3 andT4 were significantly affected (P˂0.05) by the dietary treatments when compared to control group and other treatments. Levels of GGT were not significant (P˃ 0.05) in all the treatments. Significant decrease (P˂ 0.05) was also observed in the values of urea but lowest values were recorded in T2, T3 and T4. The best significant decrease (P˂0.05) for creatinine was recorded in T3. There was significant increase in all the haematological parameters measured (P˂0.05) except for the values of Hb and RBC in T6 which showed a significant decrease. The highest significant increase (P˂0.05) for WBC was recorded in T4 and lowest in T2.The highest significant increase (P˂0.05) in PCV was recorded in T3 while the lowest was seen in T6. The levels of RBC differ significantly (P˂0.05) among the treatments as T3 recorded highest the level. The MCV, MCH and MCHC values increase significantly (P˂0.05) in a similar pattern among the entire treatment groups. Replacement of commercial premix with baobab and moringa leaf meal in broilers diet has no deleterious effect on their biochemical and haematological parameters.

Open Access Original Research Article

Variation of Some Yield‒contributing Traits of Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Varieties under the Effect of Furolan and Mineral Fertilizer

Essien Okon, Hannah Edim Etta, Vladimir Zuba

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ARJA/2017/36347

Aims: This study was carried out to investigate the variation of some yield contributing traits namely; grain weight ear-1, grain weight plant-1and 1000–grain weight in three winter varieties under the influence of the following factors including;, growth regulator, Furolan and mineral fertilizer.

Sample: Three winter varieties used for this study were subjected to the following factors namely; mineral fertilizers and growth regulator, Furolan.

Study Design: The seeds were planted in 3 m х 8 m = 24 m2 plot of in three replicates in complete randomized design.

Place and Duration of Study:  The laboratory tests and field work were carried out in the All-Russian Rice Research Institute, Belozerny, Krasnodar, Russia from 2009 to 2011.

Methodology: The laboratory tests and field work were carried out in All-Russian Rice Research Institute, Belozerny, Krasnodar, Russia from 2009 to 2011. The variation of some yield-contributing traits in three winter varieties under the influence of mineral fertilizers and growth regulator, Furolan was investigated. The data obtained from this factorial experiment were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA).

Results: For the factor A (variety) grain weight ear-1 of varieties studied varied as follows: 1.17 g (Deya); 1.19 g (Krasnodarskaya 99) and 1.25 g (Bat’ko), (LSD05-factor A = 0.01). The best performing variety on the account of this trait under the influence of mineral fertilizers and growth regulator was Bat’ko (variety) which formed grain weight ear-1 of 1.25 g.

Conclusion: From this study; investigating the effect of Furolan and mineral fertilizers on some of the yield-contributing traits in three winter wheat varieties it might be concluded that the yield performance in various yield traits was generally enhanced under the influence of these factors particularly when they were combined. The information generated from this study could be used to identify effective strategies for the sustainable management of the genetic resources of wheat.

Open Access Original Research Article

Comparative Risks of Several Insecticides towards Honeybee Workers

M. M. Azab, Amany R. Morsy

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ARJA/2017/38290

The risk level of several insecticides of various chemical classes was estimated for honeybee workers, Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Lethal time calculation was used to risk assessment for honeybees. Bioassay tests were conducted with six insecticides [dinotefuran (neonicotinoid), methomyl (carbamate), profenofos (organophosphate), azadirachtin (botanical-bioinsecticide), spinosad (bioinsecticide - an extract of the fermentation broth of soil actinomycete) and chlorfluazuron (IGR)] on honeybee workers by the insecticide / food mixture technique, at seven concentrations as ratios of recommended field rate [F (ug a. i. mL-1)], for 15 days. Results revealed that dinotefuran was significantly the most toxic to bees, which gave the shortest median lethal times (LT50s), 4.4, 4.9, 5.8, 6.4 and 10.3 days at concentrations of 1F×10-2, 5F×10-3, 1F×10-3, 5F×10-4 and 1F×10-4, respectively. Moreover, it gave 100% bee mortality after one day exposure time, at two higher concentrations, (1F×10-1) and (5F×10-2). The toxicity order of the tested insecticides for honey bees (Based on LT95s) varied by the reducing in their concentrations, whereas it was: dinotefuran > methomyl > profenofos > azadirachtin > chlorfluazuron > spinosad, at the higher concentrations and this became azadirachtin > dinotefuran > profenofos > chlorfluazuron > methomyl > spinosad at the lowest concentrations. It was concluded that the interaction among insecticide concentration, exposure time and its chemical class plays a great role in the risk level on honeybee workers. Spinosad and chlorfluazuron were significantly less toxic in comparison to the other insecticides tested and they can be safely applied to crops.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of Potassium on the Growth and Yield Contributing Attributes of Onion (Allium cepa L.)

Samra Aftab, F. S. Hamid, Samavia Farrukh, Abdul Waheed, Naveed Ahmed, Nadia Khan, Seemab Ali, Madiha Bashir, Saqib Mumtaz, Hina Gul, Muhammad Adil Younis

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 1-4
DOI: 10.9734/ARJA/2017/38322

The field experiment was conducted to study the effect of different levels of potassium on growth and yield of onion at Agricultural Research Station Baffa, Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, during the year 2016- 2017. Four levels of potassium i.e. 0, 60, 120 and 180 kg ha-1 were used as treatments in the experiment. It was observed that there was significant increase in growth and yield of onion in response to different levels of potassium. The results indicated that maximum average bulb weight (78.44 g), maximum bulb diameter (5.20 cm), and maximum yield (24.67 t ha-1) was noted in plots applied with potassium at the rate of 120 kg ha-1. The lowest onion yield (10.40 tons ha-1) was obtained with control. It may be concluded that the highest dose of potassium application for the soil medium of Agricultural Research Station Baffa, Mansehra is empirical proved 120 kg   ha-1 which has significant effects on bulb diameter, bulb weight and yield of onion. Therefore potassium application of 120 kg ha-1 is recommended as the most suitable dose for obtaining maximum yield of onion in Mansehra.

Open Access Original Research Article

Current Situation of Livestock in Siirt Province and Environmental Impacts

Burak Saltuk, Zekai Gümüş, Yusuf Aydin, Mehmet Solak

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ARJA/2017/37754

In this study, current conditions of cattle manure, manure storage units, problems of manure storage and interaction with the water resources around Siirt Province were examined. For this purpose, 133 livestock enterprises were chosen. 92 percent of these enterprises did not have manure storage and uncontrolled manure accumulations were observed. These manure accumulations were limiting animal movement and they posed a risk to the animal health. In Siirt province, livestock enterprises can be grouped as the number of cattle they have: 35 percent of the businesses had 1-7 cattle and 36 percent of the businesses had 8-14 cattle, 19 percent of the businesses had 15-21 and 10 percent of the businesses had >21 cattle. To determine the environmental pollution caused by livestock barns and their possible solutions in Siirt province, a survey was conducted. The results were compared with the literature and suggestions were made. In this study, we have examined the present conditions of solid and liquid manure storages found in the barns of stockbreeding companies, storage problems, utilization of manure and environmental pollution. According to the questionnaire results obtained from the study area, 92% of the companies do not have manure storage and the present manure storages are not sufficient for the companies.