Open Access Original Research Article

Effects of Processing Methods of Jatropha curcas Seed Meal on Growth Performance and Blood Profile of Broiler Finisher Chickens

M. Antyev, B. Yakubu, Y. H. Aliyara, R. J. Wafar

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ARJA/2017/33690

Two hundred Anak-2000 day old chicks were used to evaluate the effects of differently processed Jatropha curcas seed meal on growth performance, carcass characteristics, internal weight organ, haematological and biochemical indices of broiler chickens. Five experimental diets were formulated containing 0% Jatropha seed meal, 10% fermented Jatropha seed meal (FJM), 10% boiled Jatropha seed meal (BJM), 10% toasted Jatropha seed meal (TJM), and 10% soaked Jatropha seed meal (SJM) and were designated as T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 respectively. The chicks were randomly allotted to five dietary treatments consisting of four replication of ten birds per replicate in a completely randomized design (CRD).The result of the anti-nutritional factors (ANFs) determined were higher in in the raw Jatropha seed meal. Crude protein (CP) content of raw, soaked, fermented, boiled and toasted Jatropha curcas seed meal is 32.61, 29.35, 42.38, 38.62 and 29.60% respectively. The ether extracts (EE and crude fibre (CF) values ranged from 4.36 – 34.21% and 2.10 – 11.28% respectively. Among the processing methods employed, fermentation and toasting recorded higher reduction in the concentration of these anti-nutritional factors. The result of all the growth parameters measured were significantly (P<0.05) affected by the processing methods except the initial weight. The performance of broiler birds on differently processed Jatropha seed meal was lower than those on the control diet. The parameters evaluated for carcass weight were significantly (P<0.05) higher in birds fed control diet There was no definite pattern in carcass characteristics however, birds fed the control diet, FJM and BJM were similar. The weights of kidney, liver and lungs showed significant differences (p<0.05) among processing methods. The haematogical parameters did not show significant (P>0.05) difference across the treatment groups except for PCV, MCH and WBC. It was concluded from the results that broiler birds can be fed with 10% inclusion level of fermented Jatropha seed meal.

Open Access Original Research Article

Response Durum Wheat to Fertility Levels under Tropical Semiarid Climatic Conditions of Southern Côte d’Ivoire

Traoré Migninna Joachim, Brahima Kone, N’guessan Kouamé Jean-Claude, Konan Kouamé Firmin, Kouame René N’ganzoua, Zadi Florent, Dick Emanuel, Yao- Kouame Albert

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/ARJA/2017/33147

Aims: To determine the effect of NPK-fertilizer on wheat agronomic parameters and identify the couple of maximum yield and rate of fertilizer according to a response curve.

Study Design: A pot (277.75 cm2) trial was conducted in randomized complete block design composed of three replications.

Place and Duration of the Study: The study was carried out in the botanic center of Felix Houphouet-Boigny University, in Abidjan city located in south Côte d’Ivoire, during three successive cropping cycles of wheat in 2015.

Methodology: In 18 pots containing 5 kg of soil as substact, six NPK-fertilizer (15-22-22) rates (100 kgha-1, 200 kgha-1, 300 kgha-1, 400 kgha-1, 500 kgha-1 and 600 kgha-1) was applied as basal fertilizer. At tillering and boosting stages, 35 kgha-1 of urea (CO(NH2)2; 46%N) was applied for each pot respective.

Results: Wheat response was highly significant (p< 0.0001) for both linear and quadratic trends of wheat grain yield (GY) as well as for the total dry matter (TDM). The rates of 400 kgha-1 and 425 kgha-1 were relevant to the highest grain yields and total dry matter (11.02 and 40.35 g/pot) though, more pronounced trend was accounting significantly for 300 kgha-1 across the successive trials.

Conclusion: Consequently, the rate of 400 kgha-1 of NPK (15-22-22) should be the optimum recommended for durum wheat production in the forest zone of south Côte d’Ivoire. Therefore, an investigation of wheat response to K-fertilizer is still required for the improvement of plant vigor.

Open Access Original Research Article

Heterosis, GCA and SCA Effects of Diallel-cross among Six Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Genotypes

M. M. F. Abdalla, M. M. Shafik, Sabah M. Attia, Hend A. Ghannam

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ARJA/2017/32291

The present investigation was carried out under insect free cage during 2011/12, 2012/13 growing seasons at Giza Research Station, Egypt. A diallel-cross including reciprocals among six parents of faba bean (Giza 843, Nubaria 1, Cairo 25, Cairo 5, Cairo 33 and Misr 3) was utilized to study the heterotic effects, as well as general and specific combining ability. Results showed significant differences between parents and F1's for all studied traits and these differences may be mainly due to the genetic diversity of the parents. Based on the two estimates of heterotic effects (over mid and better parent), 5, 12, 7, 10, 13, 8 and 8 crosses exhibited significantly positive heterotic effects for plant height, number of branches/plant, number of pods/plant, number of seeds/plant, seed yield/plant and 100-seed weight, respectively. The ratio of both estimates GCA/SCA exceeded the unity for all traits indicating the relative importance of the two types of gene action suggesting the predominance of additive types of gene action controlling these traits and therefore selection would be effective for improving these traits. Giza 843 (P1) was the best general combiner for all studied traits. Giza 843 (P1), Nubaria 1 (P2) and Cairo 25 (P3) exhibited useful general combining ability effects. Significant positive SCA effects for all studied traits occurred in different combinations Reciprocal-cross differences occurred in specific crosses in different traits. The hybrids showing high heterosis over better parents could be used to develop synthetic varieties in order to exploit heterosis in faba bean breeding.

Open Access Original Research Article

Estimation of Heterosis for Yield and Its Attributes in Brassica rapa L.

M. M. Uzzal Ahmed Liton, Md. Shahidur Rashid Bhuiyan, Naheed Zeba, M. Harunur Rashid

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/ARJA/2017/33085

Six parents of Brassica rapa (L) viz. SAU Sarisha-1, SAU Sarisha-2, SAU Sarisha-3, BARI Sarisha-6, BARI Sarisha-15, and Tori-7 were crossed in a half diallel fashion. The resultant fifteen hybrids along with six parents were evaluated in randomized complete block design with three replications with the aim of evaluating the performance of hybrids over their parents. The study was conducted at the Research field of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Bangladesh during Rabi 2010-2011. Results indicated that, all the parameters except 1000-seed weight and seed yield/plant were significantly differed among the parents indicated existing variation in the parents. The best performance was observed from the parents BARI Sarisha-15 and Tori-7. The growth as well as yield and yield attributes of all hybrids were also significantly differed. The highest seed yield was obtained from the hybrid CC6 (11.55 g/plant) followed by CC15 (9.75 g/plant) with a moderate days to flowering. The most heterotic hybrids for seed yield per plant were CC14, which produced significantly positive heterosis over mid-parent (35.99%) and better-parent (17.09%) in our study. However, the parent BARI Sarisha-6, BARI Sarisha-15, and Tori-7 can be used in any breeding program and the hybrids CC14 can be selected for further study towards a variety development.

Open Access Original Research Article

Polymorphisms of Seed Storage Proteins in Olea europaea L. Cultivars

Rodolfo Bernardi, Raffaella Petruccelli, Giorgio Bartolini, Mauro Durante

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ARJA/2017/33755

The use of Olea europaea globulins as genetic markers for the identification of the cultivars was perfomed in the laboratory of Genetics of Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Pisa. The major component of Olea europaea L. seed storage proteins is represented by globulins. These fractions were characterised by electrophoresis and compared with the proteins extracted from protein bodies. The biochemical analysis of the olive seed globulins was carried out in sixteen different cultivars coming from several geographical areas of Italy. The electrophoretic patterns in polyacrylamide gels electrophoresis in denaturing conditions (SDS-PAGE) evidenced both qualitative and quantitative differences. It was possible to identify all the cultivars by             their electrophoretic spectra. Number and position of the electrophoretic bands allowed the construction of a similarity matrix and of a dendrogram that allowed the separation into groups, according to their phylogenetic relationships. The several clusters seem to be related with agronomic traits such as fruit size or oil production; no relationships were found with the geographical cultivation areas.