Open Access Original Research Article

Study of Correlation and Path Analysis in the Selected Okra Genotypes

A. T. M. Hamim Ashraf, M. Mizanur Rahman, M. Mofazzal Hossain, Umakanta Sarker

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/arja/2020/v12i430087

An experiment was conducted at the experimental farm, Department of Horticulture, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur from March 2008 to July 2008 to study the correlation and path analysis in the selected okra genotypes. The experiment was carried out in Randomized Complete Block Design with thee replications. The results indicated that different genotypes varied significantly regarding all the studied characters. The Fruits per plant and fruit weight of different genotypes had a high degree of significant positive association with fruit yield and a high positive direct effect indicated that these characters had a major contribution towards the fruit yield of the genotypes. The days to first flowering and days to first fruit harvest showed a significant positive correlation with picking duration both genotypic and phenotypic levels. The Picking duration showed a highly significant positive genotypic correlation with fruit diameter and fruit length. At the final harvest plant height showed a highly significant positive genotypic correlation with fruit length and fruit weight at the genotypic level. The fruit length showed a highly significant positive genotypic correlation with fruit weight and fruit diameter and genotypic level. The fruits per plant showed a highly significant positive genotypic and phenotypic correlation with fruit yield. A significant positive genotypic correlation with fruit yield was shown by fruit weight. The fruits per plant (0.979) and fruit weight (0.554) also showed a high positive direct effect on fruit yield.

Open Access Original Research Article

An Analytical Study of Jordanian Consumers’ Attitudes towards Purchasing Organic Food

Mohammad Altarawneh, Radi Altarawneh

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 12-22
DOI: 10.9734/arja/2020/v12i430088

The study aimed to determine the level of consumer attitudes towards purchasing organic food, by conducting a statistical analysis of the data collected from the questionnaires collected from a sample of consumers in Amman Governorate in 2018 distributed to a sample of 384. The analytical descriptive approach was used in this research to study the relationship Between the variables, the results of the study showed that the average degree of consumers to purchase organic foods was 3.69 degrees, which is a high level according to the scale used. The independent variables of consumers were also distinguished by its clear impact on their attitudes towards the purchase and consumption of organic foods. Through the study, it was found that there is a positive and important relationship between consumers attitudes towards organic foods and some factors that affect their attitudes. Considering this, importance the researcher recommends the importance of conducting awareness programs on the importance of organic foods and to do other relevant studies in different regions of Jordan.

Open Access Original Research Article

Management of Conflicts Linked to Pastoral Resource Organizations in the El-Bayadh Region (Case of Brézina), Algeria

Mekhloufi Moulay Brahim, Mohamed Khader, Tayeb Nouri, Houari Khadidja, Zache Khadidja

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 23-33
DOI: 10.9734/arja/2020/v12i430089

Economic, social and political transformations have a manifest effect on the relationships that the various actors have with steppe resources. Highlighting the multiplicity of actors explains the development of conflicts over the use of this resource.

The present work aims, on the one hand, to shed light on the problem of conflicts in the Brezina area, in particular the identification of conflicts and the analysis of the various socio-economic issues of these conflicts. And on the other hand, to study the different mechanisms contributing to the management and neutralization of these conflicts, and consequently, to ensuring sustainable local development of this territory.

The results of joint classification obtained in our groups of surveys presenting similar declarations to carry out classes of authorized variables. The suitability of the variables in these measurement classes seems to reveal the same capabilities of representations. In the most important variances attains 100%. that of these key variables, to maintain good relations with local authorities (Mbr1), and the impact of the presence of nomads in the territories (Pnt), and more than 90% for an essential role of controlling farmers and breeders (Rec), They are effective in conflict management (Egc), these aspects reveal the strategy of these breeders in the management of resources in the territory. The index of the alpha value of the determined cronbach, shows satisfactory results around 0.887%.It should be noted that conflict resolution is closely linked to cultural specificities, community structures and the mode of communication between users. This resolution currently remains difficult and ambiguous because of the presence of several actors ; users of steppe areas, and of a multi-institutional system.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effects of Sodium Carbonate on Striga hermonthica Del. Infestation and Agro-morphological Parameters of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in the Sudano-Sahelian Zone of Cameroun

C. Ndouyang, D. R. Braogue, T. J. B. Noubissié

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 34-42
DOI: 10.9734/arja/2020/v12i430090

Sorghum bicolor is the main food widely used to feed millions of people in Central and West Africa. Sorghum production in Sub-Saharan Africa is limited by biotic factors including the parasitic witchweed Striga hermonthica. In Northern Cameroon chemical and organic fertilizers, biological methods and cultivation practices were used by farmers to control Striga hermonthica in field. Some farmers spread sodium carbonate salt (locally named natron or kilbou) in high rates in fields to reduce parasite infestation but in high rate. This salt plays an important role in soil pH buffering. This study was conducted to evaluate effects of different rates of natron on striga emergence and on agro-morphological parameters of sorghum using a susceptible genotype GD-MP04. Field experiments have been conducted from 2017 to 2018 at Touboro, Mayo-Rey Division in the North Region located between longitude 13°34’; 12°07’ East and latitude 7°21’; 15°01’North. The experimental design was a complete randomized bloc with pots (11 m × 11 m) filled with soil naturally infected by striga seeds and different rates of sodium carbonate (0 g, 2 g, 4 g, 6 g, 8 g, 10 g and 12 g per 5 dm3 of soil) were employed. The numbers of emerged striga and sorghum parameters were evaluated. Results showed that striga-infestation and agro-morphological parameters of sorghum varied significantly (p <0.05) with rates of sodium carbonate. The mean number of emerged striga plants per pot varied from 0.08 in pot of 2 g of salt to 5.4 in the control. The number of sorghum leaves per plant, stem diameter, sorghum height, panicle weight and sorghum kernel yield varied significantly (p <0.05) with natron application rate. The application of 2 g of sodium carbonate per pot was the optimal rate to control Striga hermonthica and improve the main agro-morphological parameters of sorghum with 78.27% increase in g of kernel yield and simultaneously inhibited striga infestation by 98.62%. Application of 2 g of sodium carbonate in area naturally infested by striga for improving sorghum yield is required.

Open Access Review Article

Impacts of Agroforestry in Agricultural Sustainabilty and Food Security in Nigeria

A. O. Ogunsiji, T. O. Ibrahim, O. A. Oni

Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, Page 43-50
DOI: 10.9734/arja/2020/v12i430091

The first essential component of social and economic justice is adequate food production. Food plays a vital role in the life of mankind and it keeps the body functioning. Nigeria is a country richly blessed with abundant natural and human resources that if properly utilized can feed its people, yet it is experiencing persistent food crisis both in terms of quantity and quality. Food security is the ability of people to meet their required level of food consumption at all times. Food insecurity has been a major concern in Nigeria where peasant farmers lack the skill and capital to produce large quantity of farm produce that will meet the nation’s need. Agroforestry which combines growing of trees with the production of other crops or animal has been a widely used system for combating food insecurity which also reduces the risk of crop failure during adverse conditions such as prolong drought period and other natural calamities due to climate change. Through agroforestry practices, food production, improved soil fertility, health and increasing economic income of rural people can be properly tackled in the country. Research into agroforestry practices should be properly disseminated to rural farmers so that they can adopt the system. Also, government policies, research institute and other agricultural schemes that has been set up by the government should work towards making farmers adopt and apply agroforestry strategies in the country.