Growth and Instability in Agriculture Production in Odisha, India

Manoj Kumar Das

Department of Economics, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack, India.

Sagarika Dash *

Department of Economics, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack, India.

Sweety Pattnaik

Faculty Rural Development, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack, India.

Dharmabrata Mohapatra

Ravenshaw University, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The performance of agriculture sector in any economy is better understood through the analysis of growth and instability in agriculture production. It is evident that the growth of agriculture in Odisha is very erratic in nature and huge instability is there in agricultural production. Instability in agriculture affects the trend and pattern of production which creates risk in farmers’ ability to adopt new technologies. Therefore, this paper aims to study the growth and instability in agriculture production in Odisha where growth and instability on area, yield and production of twenty crops have been calculated. Instability in agriculture production is caused by various agricultural reforms, weather variation and price fluctuation. Therefore, in this study attempt has been made to analyse the contribution of agriculture and allied sector to GSVA in Odisha over the years, sectoral employment, and district wise crop intensity. To examine growth and instability in agriculture of twenty major crops, this study has undertaken decadal analysis by using secondary data. Total four decades i.e. 1970-80, 1980-90, 1990-00, 2000-10 and 2010-20 are considered. The results show that, agriculture sector is leading sector in providing employment and significantly contribute to GSDP in Odisha. However, the area under cultivation of all the crops area gradually decreasing due to the urbanization but the percentage of area under cereal cultivation is decreasing whereas percentage of area under pulses are increasing but the area under total food grains is decreasing showing farmers are switching towards non-food grain products. So far, the growth of production and yield of different crop areas shows erratic growth in agricultural crops, as evident from the high instability rate in the growth of different crops. The cropping intensity shows that it is lower than the national level and therefore the role of technology needs to be identified.

Keywords: Agricultural growth, instability, performance of agriculture, production


How to Cite

Das, M. K., Dash , S., Pattnaik , S., & Mohapatra , D. (2024). Growth and Instability in Agriculture Production in Odisha, India. Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, 17(2), 184–195. https://doi.org/10.9734/arja/2024/v17i2436

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