Utilization of Bumblebee in Crop Pollination

Gadhiya V. C.

College of Agriculture, Junagadh Agricultural University, Mota Bhandariya, 365 610, Gujarat, India.

Kanani M. K. *

Agricultural Research Station, Junagadh Agricultural University, Amreli, 365 601, Gujarat, India.

Dodiya T. P.

College of Agriculture, Junagadh Agricultural University, Mota Bhandariya, 365 610, Gujarat, India.

Pastagia J. J.

College of Agriculture, Navsari Agricultural University, Waghai, 394 730, Gujarat, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Bumblebees play a vital role in pollination of plants due to their large size and hairiness hence are ideal for picking up and transferring pollen. They can vibrate (‘buzz’) flowers and have no communication system but can work efficiently in tunnels as they have a better sense of direction. They are 400 times more efficient than honeybees at any pollination chore and are capable of visiting 30 to 50 flowers per minute. They are non-swarming and less aggressive than honeybees. Bumblebee generally forages during the early morning (0530-0800h) and evening (1700-1900h) time. Bumblebees are better pollinators than honeybees in greenhouses and glass houses and they have a great potential to serve as supplemental pollinators in the cultivation of crops such as tomato, eggplant, cucumber, melon, strawberry, pumpkin, cherry, sweet pepper, etc. It improves the yield and quality parameters of the fruits. In India, efforts are being made at Solan to mass rear bumble bees and utilize them in pollination. A few private companies have attempted to introduce newer species of bumblebees in India. In the present era, the global population of bumblebees is declining due to injudicious use of pesticides, loss of natural colony and mechanization in agriculture and climatic effect.

Keywords: Bumblebees, pollinator, foraging behavior


How to Cite

Gadhiya V. C., Kanani M. K., Dodiya T. P., & Pastagia J. J. (2024). Utilization of Bumblebee in Crop Pollination. Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, 17(2), 49–53. https://doi.org/10.9734/arja/2024/v17i2420

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Chauhan A, Katna S, Rana BS, Sharma HK. Studies on Pests and Diseases; of bumble bee (Bombus haemorrhoidalis Smith) in India. Journal of Medical Science And Clinical Research. 2013b;1(2):93-98.

Heinrich B. Majoring and minoring by foraging bumblebees Bombus Vagans. Ecology. 1979;245-255.

Chauhan A, Katna S, Rana BS. Ethological studies on bumble bees under subtropical conditions in India. Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research. 2013a;1(3):125-129.

Abak K, Sari N, Paksoy M, Kaftanoglu O, Yeninar H. Efficiency of bumble bees on the yield and quality of eggplant and tomato grown in unheated glasshouses. Acta Horticulture. 412: I Int’l symp. on Solanacea for Fresh Market. 1995;268-274.

Abak K, Dasgan HY, Ikiz O, Uygun N, Sayalan M, Kaftanoglu O, Yeninar H. Pollen production and quality of pepper grown in unheated greenhouses during winter and the effects of bumblebees (Bombus terrestris) pollination on fruit yield and quality. Acta Horticulture. 437: Proc. Int’l symp. on pollination. 1997;303-308.

Dogterom MH, Matteoni JA, Plowright RC. Pollination of greenhouse tomatoes by the North American Bombus vosnesenskii (Hymenoptera: Apidae), Journal of Economic Entomology. 1998;91(1):71-75.

Stanghellini MS, Ambrose JT, Schultheis JR. Using commercial bumble bee colonies as backup pollinators for honey bees to produce cucumbers and watermelons. Hort Technology. 1998;8(4):590-594.

Abak K, Ozdogan AO, Dasgan HY, Derin K, Kaftanoglu O. Effectiveness of bumble bees as pollinators for eggplants grown in unheated greenhouses. Acta Horticulture, 514: Proc. XXV IHC- part 4. 2000;197-203.

Paydas S, Eti S, Kaftanoglu O, Yasa E, Derin K. Effects of pollination of strawberries grown in plastic greenhouses by honeybees and bumblebees on the yield and quality of the fruits. Acta Horticulturae. 2000;513:443–451.

Dasgan HY, Ozdogan AO, Kaftanoglu O, Abak K. Effectiveness of bumblebee pollination in anti-frost heated tomato greenhouses in the Mediterranean basin. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. 2004; 28:73-82.

Serrano AR, Jose GM. Quality Fruit Improvement in Sweet Pepper Culture by Bumblebee Pollination. Scientia Horticulturae. 2006;110:160-166.

Dimou M, Taraza S, Thrasyvoulou A, Vasilakakis M. Effect of bumble bee pollination on greenhouse strawberry production. Journal of Apicultural Research. Bee World. 2008;47(2): 99-101.

Nault BA, Artz DR, Petersen JD. Proc. of the New England vegetable and Fruit Conf. 2011;45-47.

Vergara CH, Buendia PF. Pollination of greenhouse tomatoes by the Mexican bumblebee Bombus ephippiatus (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of Pollination Ecology. 2012;7(4):27-30.

Thakur S. Studies on bumblebees (Bombus haemorrhoidalis Smith) pollination in Capsicum annuum L. under protected cultivation. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Entomology, Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India; 2018.

Marques A, Juan A, Ruiz M, Traveset A, Leza M. (2019). Improvement of almond production using Bombus terrestris (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Mediterranean conditions. Journal of Applied Entomology. 2019;143(10):1132-1142.

Whitehorn PR, Stephanie C, Wackers FL, Dave G. Neonicotinoid pesticide reduces bumble bee colony growth and queen production, Science express. 2012;351-352.

Laycock I, Cotterell KC, O'Shea‐Wheller TA, Cresswell JE. (2014). Effects of the neonicotinoid pesticide thiamethoxam at field‐realistic levels on microcolonies of Bombus terrestris worker bumble bees. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 2014;100:153-158.

Baron GL, Jansen VAA, Vincent AA, Brown MJF, Raine NE. Pesticide reduces bumblebee colony initiation and increases probability of population extinction. Nature Ecology & Evolution. 2017;1(9):1308–1316.

Chauhan A. Refinement of bumblebees rearing technology and its use in cucumber pollination. M. Sc. Thesis, Dr. Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, India. 2011; 98.