Influence of Growth Regulators Application on Seed Development and Maturation in Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.)

Vanitha C

Seed Centre, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

Kathiravan M *

Agricultural Collage and Research Institute, Vazhavachanur, Thiruvannamalai, India.

Umarani R

Seed Centre, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

Sathiya K

Centre of Excellance in Millets, Athiyandhal, Thiruvannamalai, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The experiment was carried out at National Pulses Research Centre (NPRC), Vamban, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University to assess the effect of growth regulators foliar sprayon seed development and maturation in Pigeonpea VBN (Rg) 3. Plant growth regulators viz., GA3 (200 ppm) and chlormequat chloride(CCC) 200 ppm were sprayed at vegetative (65 DAS) and flowering stage (80 DAS). The plants without any foliar spraying treatment considered as control. When 50 percent of the plants in a population have reached bud initiation stage, the buds were tagged and collected at five days interval from 5th day upto45th days after initiation (DAI).  The variation in pod colour, changes in pod length and weight, seed fresh and dry weight, moisture content, germination and seedling vigour were recorded at regular intervals of five days up to 45 days after flower initiation. The results revealed that the maximum pod length, fresh and dry weight of pod and seed, seed germination and seedling vigour was observed in pigeonpea at 30 days after floral initiation (DAI) in chlormequat chloride (CCC) 200 ppm foliar treatment. The control i.e. without any foliar treatment had attained the physiological maturity at 35 DAI by recording all the physiological parameters viz. maximum pod length, fresh and dry weight, seed germination and seedling vigour. In pigeonpea, application of CCC @ 200 ppm as foliar treatmentleadsto attain physiological maturity at 30 days after initiation of flowering (DAI) by recording the highest seed weight, germination and seedling dry weight over control.

Keywords: Pigeonpea, foliar spray, development and maturation, germination, vigour, physiological parameter, seedling, soil fertility, growth regulators


How to Cite

Vanitha C, Kathiravan M, Umarani R, and Sathiya K. 2024. “Influence of Growth Regulators Application on Seed Development and Maturation in Pigeonpea (Cajanus Cajan (L.)”. Asian Research Journal of Agriculture 17 (2):20-27. https://doi.org/10.9734/arja/2024/v17i2414.

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