Traditional Seed Production and Processing Method for Urochloa Grass Employed by Farmers in the Adamawa Region of Cameroon
Issue: 2023 - Volume 16 [Issue 4]
Ojong Agbor Ntane *
Institute of Agricultural Research for Development, Ekona, Cameroon and Department of Plant Science, University of Buea, Cameroon and International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Nairobi, Kenya.
Egbe Enow Andrew
Department of Plant Science, University of Buea, Cameroon.
Eneke Esoeyang Tambe Bechem
Department of Plant Science, University of Buea, Cameroon.
Mandah Cecilia Takor
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Nairobi, Kenya and National Hebarium, Yaounde Cameroon.
Kingsley Agbor Etchu
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Nairobi, Kenya and Institute of Agricultural Research for Development, Yaounde, Cameroon.
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Nairobi, Kenya.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Aims: To investigate the traditional / local seed processing system employed by farmers in the Adamawa region, examine the practices and techniques used in seed production and processing.
Study Design: A purposive random sampling technique was used.
Place and Duration of Study: This study was carried out at seven localities (Ngaousai, Youkou, Wakwa, Darang, Mbidjoro, Beka and Bini) in Adamawa region, Vina division (Ngoundere) between September and October 2019
Methodology: The research included a combination of phone calls interviews, focus group discussion (FGD) and use of semi-structured questionnaires. The views of 16 farmers were sampled focusing on socioeconomic characteristics, the benefits of Urochloa grass, perception of Urochloa grass and seeds production system as well as cost of production of Urochloa seeds. The economic return in terms of benefit/cost ratio was calculated taking into consideration the current prices of various inputs.
Results: Male-headed families made up 81% of the respondents. Most of the respondents were within the productive ages of 31-40 years (31%) and 41-50 years (31%). Majority of respondents (75%) owned their farms and most of them (63%) have been farming for more than 10 years, with (44%) of them farming on areas between 5 and 10 hectares. 68.7% of the respondents get their seeds from past harvest. Most of the farmers (86.7%) harvest seeds using direct heading. Over all, the majority of respondents (81.25%) prepare their seeds by sun drying. In terms of economic value, results showed a Benefit: Cost ratio of more than 1.
Conclusion: The study contributes to the preservation and dissemination of indigenous knowledge related to Urochloa seed processing method. Thereby reducing the dependence of importing seeds to enhance livestock production. These findings underscore the potential of Urochloa seed production as a profitable agricultural activity that can contribute to the economic well-being of farmers in the region.
Keywords: Urochloa grass, traditional seed production, seed processing, benefit/cost ratio
How to Cite
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