Decomposition of Plantain Peel Powder and Assessment of its Effects on Soil Physical and Chemical Characteristics
Asian Research Journal of Agriculture,
This study aims at assessing the effects of plantain (Musa paradisiaca) peel powder on soil physical and chemical properties in the context of sustainable yield management. The experiment took place in the laboratory of plant physiology of the University Félix Houphouët Boigny from July to November 2020. Three designs were set up. Design 1 consisted of 20 g of plantain peel powder added to a 2-cm thick layer of sea sand. Design 2 consisted of 5 g of plantain peel powder added to 250 g of sea sand. Design 3 consisted of a homogeneous mixture of 100 g of peel powder and 200 g of rhizospheric tomato or plantain soil. The designs were regularly watered with distilled water. In the first two designs, the plantain peel powder was added according to two methods. These included surface incorporation and deep incorporation. The experiment allowed us to characterize peel powder decomposition and assess its effects on soil physicochemical parameters. The physico-chemical characteristics of the soils were subjected to a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA 1). STATICA 7.1 software was used to perform all the analyses. Analysis of the results showed that the incorporation method does not influence peel powder decomposition. This decomposition is followed by the release of colored elements. Water retention capacity as well as particle size were improved. The results showed that plantain peel powder is an important source of minerals mainly phosphorus and potassium. It emerges from this study that plantain peel could be a good organic fertilizer for profitable and environmentally friendly agriculture.
- Plantain peel
- physical and chemical parameters
How to Cite
Boga JP. Experimental study of the impact of termite mounds on the growth, yield of corn and rice and the fertility of cultivated soils in sub-Sudanese savannas, Booro-Borotou (Côte d’Ivoire). PhD thesis from the University of Cocody, Abidjan. 2007;231.
Bado B.V. Role of legumes on the fertility of tropical ferruginous soils in the Guinean and Sudanese areas of Burkina Faso. Philosophia Doctor thesis, University of Laval. Canada. 2002;184.
Bockman OC, Kaarstad O, Lie OH, Richards I. Agriculture and fertilization: Fertilizers, their future. Norsk Hydro. Agriculture Division. 1990;258.
Zougmoré R, Ouattara K, Mando A, Ouattara B. Role of nutrients in the success of soil and water conservation techniques (stone bunds, grass strips, zaï and half-moons) in Burkina Faso. Science and Planetary Changes/Drought. 2004; 15(1) 41- 48.
Attrasi B, Mrabet L, Douira A, Ounine K, El Haloui N. Study of the agronomic valuation of composts from household waste. Environment and Biotechnology. “Biotechnologies” workshop in Morocco, Setat of May 6; 2005.
Houot S. Management of organic waste excluding livestock effluents and crop residues. In Storing carbon in agricultural soils in France. Expert report produced by the INRA at the request of the Ministry of Ecology and Sustainable Development, edited by the INRA INRA ed. 2002;148-152.
Francou C. Stabilization of organic matter during composting of urban waste Influence of the nature of the waste and of the composting process - Search for relevant indicators, Doctoral thesis, National Agronomic Institute Paris-Grigon. 2003;289.
Koledzi K.E. Valorization of solid urban waste in the districts of Lomé (Togo): Methodological approach for a sustainable production of compost Faculty of Sciences and Techniques. Doctoral thesis. University of Lomé (Togo) in collaboration with the University of Limoge (France), 2011;210.
Melero S, Madejon E, Ruiz J.C, Herencia J.F. Chemical and biochemical properties of a clay soil under dryland agriculture system as affected by organicfertilization, Eur. J. Agron. 2007(26);327–334.
Lompo F, Sédogo M.P, Hien V. Agronomic impact of Burkina phosphate and dolomite limestone. In: Gerner H. & Mokwunye A.U, eds. Proceedings of a seminar on the use of local mineral resources for sustainable agriculture in West Africa, November 21-23, 1994, International Fertilizer Development Center (IFDC), Lomé, Togo. Miscellaneous Fertilizers studies n°11. Muscle Schoals, AL, USA: IFDC. 1995;54-66.
Ayanlaja SA, Sanwo JO. Management of soil organic matter in farming systems of the lowland humid tropic of West Africa. Soil Technol. 1991;4;265-279.
Alla KT, Bomisso EL, Tuo S, Dick AE. Effects of organic fertilization based on plantain peel and chicken manure on the agronomic parameters and financial profitability of N’drowa eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum L.) in Côte d'Ivoire. Afrique Science. 2021;18(6):25 – 38.
Bomisso EL, Ouattara G, Tuo S, Zeli TF, Aké S. Effect of the mixture of plantain peel and chicken manure compost on the growth in the nursery of scaly shoots of plantain, variety Big Ebanga. Journal of Applied Biosciences. 2018;130;13126 – 13137.
Olson JS. Encrgy storage and the balance of producers and decomposors in ecological systems. Ecology. 1963;44;322-331.
Benhard F. Study of litter and its contribution to the cycle of mineral elements in the rainforest of Côte d'Ivoire. Oecol. Plant. 1970;5;247-266.
Igoud S, Tou I, Kehal S, Mansouri N, Touzi A. First Approach to the Characterization of Biogas Produced from Bovine Waste. Rev. Energ. Ren. 2002;5:123- 128.
Sali N, Ait A. Extraction and Physicochemical and Biological Characterization of Substances from the Peel of Banana Cavendish Musa acuminata AAA. End of studies thesis. University Mouloud Mammeri of Tizi-Ouzou. 2018;87P.
Harper. Decomposition of residues and associated nitrogen dynamics. 1987.
Schreiber K. How to develop soil fertility? The case of Nitrogen in Nature and for Agriculture. LVH-France.com. 2020;42.
Chamayou H, Legros JP. The physical, chemical and mineralogical bases of soil science. Living technique. University presses of France. Paris. 1989;212- 213.
Mustin M. Compost, organic matter management. Editions François Dubusc. Paris, 1987;954.
Monica O, Philip A. Stansly, Teresa P. Soil, Chemical, Physical, and Biological Properties of a Sandy Soil Subjected to Long-Term Organic Amendments, Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 2011;35(3):243-259.
Evanylo G. et Mc Guin. Agricultural management practices and soil quality : measuring, assessing, and comparing laboratory and field test kit indicators of soil quality attributes. Virgina cooperative extension publication number. 2000;452-400.
Biego G, Koffi K, Chatigre K, N’doume C, Kouadio L. Determination of minerals from byproducts of export and food crops from Côte d'Ivoire. Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences Journal. 2010; 12(2):13-24.
Quaggio JA, Junior DM, Boaretto RM. Sources and rates of potassium for sweet orange production. Scientia Agricola. (Piracicaba, Braz.). 2011;68(3):369- 375.
Abstract View: 75 times
PDF Download: 29 times