Main Article Content
Problem: Maize is one of important food for Indonesian people. The problem faced by Indonesian government is the maize is not sufficient to suffice the this country demand.
Aims: The research aimed to study the interaction between several hybrid maize varieties and plant spacing to growth and yield of hybrid maize
Study Design: Factorial design in randomized block design.
Place and Duration of Study: The research was conducted in Siguntur, Sitiung 1, Dharmasraya, West Sumatra and Indonesia from April to July 2018.
Methodology: Factorial design in randomized block design with 2 factors was used in the assay. The first factor was hybrid maize varieties (Pioneer P35 and Pertiwi 3) and the second factor was planting space (75 cm x 20 cm, 75 cm x 30 cm and 75 cm x 40 cm). The data was analyzed by ANOVA.
Results: The result showed that no interaction between planting spacing and varieties to growth and yield of maize. The best hybrid maize variety for growth and yield was Pioneer 35. The best planting space for growth and yield was 75 cm x 20 cm.
Conclusion: The interaction between plant spacing and hybrid maize varieties did not affect the growth and yield of hybrid maize.
Recommendation: The further research are recommended to study the effect of plant spacing and hybrid maize to growth and yield of maize.
Agustiani N, Deng N, Edreira JIR, Girsang SS, Syafruddin, Sitaresmi T, Pasuquin JMC, Agus F, Grassini P. Simulating rice and maize yield potential in the humid tropical environment of Indonesia. European Journal of Agronomy. 2018;101: 10-19.
Ferrianta Y, Rifiana. The role of agricultural technology in improving productivity maize: a case from Indonesia. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. 2014;4(1):95-101.
Sulaiman AA, Candradijaya A, Syakir M. Technological advancement and the economic benefit of Indonesia rain-fed farming development. Advances in Agriculture. 2019;1-8.
Statistics Indonesia. Maize consumption in Indonesia; 2020.
(Accessed 29 January 2020)
Truswell AS, Brock JF. The nutritive value of maize protein for man. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1962;10(2): 142-152.
Hochman G, Zilberman D. Corn ethanol and US biofuel policy 10 years later: A quantitative assessment. American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 2018;100(2): 570-584.
Hertel TW, Golub AA, Jones AD, O’Hare M, Plevin RJ, Kammen DM. Effect of US maize ethanol on global land use and greenhouse gas emission: Estimating market-mediated responses. BioScience. 2010;60(3):223-231.
Fromme DD, Spivey TA, Grichar WJ. Agronomic response of corn (Zea mays L.) hybrid to plant populations. International Journal of Agronomy. 2019;3589768:1-8.
Sangoi L. Understanding plant density effects on maize growth and development: An important issue to maximize grain yield. Cienca Rural. 2000;31(1):159-168.
Borras L, Mazzini LNV. Maize reproductive development and kernel set under limited plant growth environments. Journal of Experimental Botany. 2018;69(13):3235-3243.
Varma VS, Durga KK, Keshavulu K, Sunil N. Influence of sowing period on floral characters of maize (Zea mays L.) during rainy and spring seasons. Agricultural Science Research Journal. 2015;5(11): 140-145.
Gurung DB, Bhandari B, Shrestha J, Tripathi MP. Productivity of maize (Zea mays L.) as affected by varieties and sowing dates. International Journal of Applied Biology. 2018;2(2):13-19.
Li CF, Luan LM, Yin F, Wang Q, Zhao YL. Effects of light stress at different stages on the growth and yield of different maize genotypes (Zea mays L.). Acta Ecologica Sinica. 2005;25(4):824-830.
Nannas NJ, Dawe RK. Genetic and genomic toolbox of Zea mays. Genetics. 2015;199(3):655-669.
Sarvari M, Pepo P. Effect of production factors on maize yield and yield stability. Cereal Research Communications. 2014; 1(1):1-11.
Gao J, Zhao B, Dong S, Liu P, Ren B, Zhang J. Response of summer maize photosynthate accumulation [and distribu-tion to shading stress assessed by using 13CO2 stable isotope tracer in the field. Frontiers Plant Science. 2017;8(1821):1-12.
Chikov VI, Abdrakhimov FA, Batasheva SN, Khamidullina LA. Characteristics of photosynthesis in maize leaves (C4 plants) upon changes in the level of illuminance and nitrate nutrition. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology. 2016;63(5):620-625.
Ning P, Yang L, Li C, Fritschi FB. Post-Silking carbon partitioning under nitrogen deficiency revealed sink limitation of grain yield in maize. Journal of Experimental Botany. 2018;69(7):1707-1719.
Strable J, Borsuk L, Nettleton D, Schnable PS, Irish EE. Microaaray analysis of vegetative phase change in maize. The Plant Journal. 2008;56(6):1045-1057.
Alter P, Bircheneder S, Zhou LZ, Schluter U, Gahrtz M, Sonnewald U, Dresselhaus T. Flowering time regulated genes in maize include the transcription factor ZmMADS1. Plant Physiology. 2016;172(1):389-404.
Sadiq G, Khan AA, Inamullah, Rab A, Fayyaz H, Naz G, Nawaz H, Ali I, Raza H, Amin J, Ali S, Khan HA, Khan AA, Khattak WA. Impact of phosphorus and potassium levels on yield and yield components of maize. Pure App. Biology. 2017;6(3):1071-1078.
Sabo MU, Wailare MA, Aliyu M. Effect of variety and spacing on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.) in Bauchi State, Nigeria. International Journal of Plant Soil Science.2016;9(6):106.
Enaku OO, Kaankuka FG, Shaahu DT. The effect of maize cob meal (MCM) on performance and economy of feed conversion of growing rabbits. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science. 2017;19(1):1-9.
Probowati RA, Guritno B, Sumarni T. The effect of cover crop and spacing of weed and maize yield. Jurnal Produksi Tanaman. 2014;2(8):639-647.
Setyamidjaja D. Fertilizer and fertilization. Jakarta. Simpleks; 2006.
Ministry of Agriculture of Indonesia. Superior maize varieties description; 2020.
(Accessed 31 January 2020)
Greenwood EAN, Boundy CAP, Boer E, Power TR. Effect of planting time and plant spacing on maize production on the Swan Coastal Plain of Western Australia. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture and Animal Husbandry. 1974; 14(69):547-552.
Warisno.Jagung Hibrida. Yogyakarta. Kanisius; 2009.
Sabetha ET, Modi AT, Owoeye LG. Maize seed quality in response to different management practices and sites. Journal of Agricultural Science. 2015;7(1): 215-223.