Main Article Content
The study analysed the poverty status and the determinants among farmers in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Primary data were collected with the aid of a well-structured questionnaire and a total of 267 respondents were chosen using a multi-stage random sampling technique. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics, poverty index (Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT), logit regression, and correlation matrix. The headcount index of the pooled data indicated that 49 percent of the respondents in the study area was poor with poverty severity and poverty gap indices of 0.15 and 0.25 respectively. The depth of poverty was higher and severe among the female homestead gardeners in Tyhefu and farmers with less than 2ha of farmland. The logit regression revealed that years spent in school, household size, size of cultivated farmland, extension services, and being a member of an association have a significant influence on the likelihood of being poor. Only the age of the respondents was not significant. The study therefore recommends that institutions in charge of credit facilities, education, and extension services be strengthened to give farmers meaningful wellbeing.
UNDP. “Country Programme Outline for South Africa 2007-2010”, New York, Executive Board of the United Nations Development Programme and the United Nations Population Fund (UNDP/UNFPA); 2007.
Statistics South Africa. Poverty Trends in South Africa: An examination of absolute poverty between 2006 and 2011; 2014.
United Nation Development Programme (UNDP). Work for human development Briefing note for countries on the 2015 Human Development Report; 2015.
Majodina P. Budget Speech 2011/12, Eastern Cape Province, Policy speech by MEC for Social Development and Special Programmes; 2011.
Vollgraaff R, Mokhemaand T, Mbatha A. South Africa’s Drought Leads to Job Cuts, Surging Food Prices; 2016.
Compass Resource Management. Major Impacts: Climate Change, The Biodiversity BC Technical Subcommittee for the Report on the Status of Biodiversity in BC; 2007.
Moyo S. Land Reform, Small Scale Farming and Poverty Eradication, Lesson from Africa. Africa Institute for South Africa Policy Brief NO 21; 2010.
Seekings J, Nattrass N. Class, Race, And Inequality in South Africa, Yale University Press; 2005.
OECD.Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2011: OECD Countries and Emerging Economies OECD Publishing; 2011.
Francis E. Poverty: Causes, Response and Consequences in Rural South Africa. Chronic Poverty Research Centre; 2006.
Marichen VW, Ignatius S. The struggle against poverty, unemployment and social injustice in present-day South Africa: Exploring the involvement of the Dutch Reformed Church at congregational level. Stellenbosch Theological Journal. 2015; 1(2):731-759.
Statistics South Africa. Poverty Trends in South Africa: An examination of absolute poverty between 2006 and 2015; 2017.
Gjonça E, Calderwood L. 2004 „Socio-demographic characteristics‟ in Marmot, Banks M, Blundell JA, Lessof R, Nazroo CJ. (eds) Health, wealth and lifestyles of the older population in England: The 2002 English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. London: The Institute of Fiscal Studies. 2003;15-32.
Sanusi RA, Owagbemi TS, Suleman M. Determinants of Poverty among Farm Households InIkorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State, Nigeria; 2013
Woolard I, Leibbrandt M. Measuring poverty in South Africa. In Bhorat, H Leibbrandt, M., Maziya, M., Van der Berg, S. and Woolard. I. (ed), Fighting poverty: Labour markets and inequality in South Africa. Lansdowne: UCT Press; 1999.
Ravallion M. Poverty comparisons: A guide to concepts and methods. Living standards measurement study working Paper 88 Washington DC World Bank; 1992.
Meyer BD, Sullivan JX. Measuring the Well-Being of the Poor Using Income and Consumption; 2003.
Covarrubias K, de la O Campos AP, Zezza A. 2009 Accounting for the Diversity of Rural Income Sources in Developing Countries: The Experience of the Rural Income Generating Activities Project. Paper prepared for presentation at the Wye City Group Meeting on Rural Development and Agricultural Household Income, 11-12 June, Rome, Italy; 2009.
Adekoya OA. Analysis of farm household poverty status in Ogun State, Nigeria. Asian Economic and Financial Review. 2014;4(3):325-340.
Fakayode SB, Babatunde RO, Rasheed A. Productivity analysis of cassava-based production systems in the guinea savannah: Case study of Kwara State, Nigeria. American-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research. 2008;3(1):33-39.
Onojah DA, Aduba JJ, Oladunni OA. Relationship between Farmers Socio-Economic Characteristics and Maize Production in Nigeria: The chasm, Global Journal of Current Research. 2013;1(4): 124-131.
Onuk EG, Ogara IM, Yahaya H, Nannim N. Economic Analysis of Maize Production in Mangu Local Government Area of Plateau State, Nigeria, Publication of Nassarawa State University, Keffi, PAT June. 2010;6(1):1-11.
Tchale H, Sauer J. The efficiency of maize farming in Malawi, A bootstrapped translog frontier; 2007.
Bembridge TJ. Guidelines for rehabilitation of small-scale farmer irrigation schemes in South Africa, Water Research Commission; 2000.
Slabbert TJC, Sekhampu TJ. Bophelong: A socio-economic and environmental analysis. Vanderbijlpark: Vaal Research Group; 2009.
Ohajianya DO, Nwaiwu IU, Osuagwu CO. Analysis of Factors Affecting Income of Women in Agricultural Production in Imo State Nigeria, in Engendering Policy for Attainment of Millennium Development Goals in Nigeria edited by Okoh R. Asaba: Nigeria: Rural Linkage Network. 2010;91-97.
Ahmed AS, Suleiman A, Aminu A. Social and economic analysis of small scale maize production in Kura Local Government Area of Kano State, Nigeria, International Journal of Agricultural Science, Research and Technology in Extension and Education Systems 2013; 3(1):37-43.
Baiyegunhi LJS, Fraser GCG. Poverty incidence among smallholder farmers in the Amathole District Municipality, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Journal Human Ecology. 2014;46(3):261-273.
Olawuyi SO, Raufu MO. Determinants of Poverty among Crop Farmers: A Case of Ogo-Oluwa Local Government, Oyo State; 2012.