Accessibility of Agroforestry Farmers to Credit Facilities on Poultry Egg Production in Oyo State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

A. F. Aderounmu
I. O. Oyewo

Abstract

Poultry egg production is an economically viable investment among Agroforestry farmers in Southwestern Nigeria but paucity of funds and high cost of inputs are major problems in their business operations. This study focused on the effects of accessibility and non-accessibility of Agroforestry farmers to credit on poultry egg production. Data were randomly collected from 120 poultry farmers with a structured questionnaire which comprised of 60 credit beneficiaries (CB) and 60 non-credit beneficiaries (NCB) Agroforestry farmers. The data were analyzed with mean, percentages, frequency distribution, logit and multiple regression analyses. The results of the analyses indicated that the mean age of the CB and NCB Agroforestry farmers were ±46 and ±56 years respectively. Majority of the farmers were married CB (77.4%) and NCB (81.0%). The logit regression analysis revealed that the age of the respondents had a positive relationship with access to credit at 5% level of significance. Multiple regression model for credit accessed farmers indicated that age, family size, drug quantity are positively related to output and are significant at 10% and 1% levels. Multiple regression result for NCB farmers shows that the quantity of drug used is positively related to the egg output at 1% level. The hypotheses tested show that there was a significant relationship between socio-economic characteristics and the egg production in the study area and; between the output of farmers who are credit beneficiaries and non-credit beneficiaries. The major constraints to poultry production in Agroforestry system were limited finances, high cost of inputs and poor quality of day old chicks. Accessibility to formal credit facilities has a key role to play in Agroforestry poultry farming. Individuals, Governments and NGOs should therefore facilitate empowerment of youths in poultry egg production.

Keywords:
Agroforestry farmers, accessibility, credit facilities, egg production, logit regression

Article Details

How to Cite
Aderounmu, A. F., & Oyewo, I. O. (2019). Accessibility of Agroforestry Farmers to Credit Facilities on Poultry Egg Production in Oyo State, Nigeria. Asian Research Journal of Agriculture, 11(3), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.9734/arja/2019/v11i330062
Section
Original Research Article

References

Yates C, Dorward P, Hemery G, Cook P. The economic viability and potential of a novel poultry Agroforestry System. Agroforestry Syst. 2007;69:13-28.
Available:https://researchgate.net/publication/225333954

Dawkins MS, Cook P, Whittingham MJ, Mansell K, Harper A. What makes free-range broiler chickens range? In Situ measurement of habitat preference. Animal Behav. 2003;66:151-160.
Avaiuable:https://www.researchgate.net>2485...

Ogunlade I, Adebayo SA. Socio-economic status of women in rural poultry production in selected areas of Kwara State, Nigeria. International Journal of Poultry Science. 2009;8(1):55-59

Orji UO, Chukwuma AA. Technical efficiency of small-scale poultry egg production in Nigeria. Empirical Study of Poultry Farmers in Imo State, Nigeria. Research Journal of Poultry Science. 2007;1(3-4):16 -21.

Iwena OA. Essential agricultural science for senior secondary schools. Tonad Publishers Limited. Ogun, Nigeria. 2007;197.

Tijjani AA, Alimi T, Adesiyan AT. Profit efficiency among Nigerian poultry egg farmers: A case study of aiyedoto farm settlement, Nigeria. Research Journal of Agricultural Biological Sciences. 2006;2(6):256-261.

Fasasi AR. Resource use efficiency in yam production in Ondo State, Nigeria. Agricultural Journal. 2006;1(2):36-40.

Nwaru JC, Onuoha RE. Credit use and technical change in smallholder food crop production in Imo State of Nigeria. New York Science Journal. 2010;3(11):144-152.

Okuneye PA. Rural poverty assessment and control in Africa, An invited specialization course paper presented at the United Nations IDEP, Dakar, Senegal; 2001.

Enweze C. Between food security, economic growth and National development, economics and politics: The Nigeria Business.com; 2006.
Available:http://www.thenigeriabusiness.com

Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN). Report paper, agricultural finance and development: Focus on Nigeria, USDA Foreign Agricultural Services; 2011.

Adams DW. Easing Poverty through Thrift Savings Development Journal. 2009;33:73-85.

Otunaiya AO. Access to informal credit and its effects on cassava production in yewa division of Ogun State, Nigeria. Nig. J. Res. Prod. 2007;11:140-148.

Abedullah N, Mahmood M. Khalid, S. Kouser. The role of agricultural credit in the growth of livestock sector: A case study of Faisalabad. Pak. Vet. J. 2009;29:81-84.

National Bureau of Statistics-NBS. Population census. National Bureau of Statistics: Federal Republic of Nigeria, Abuja; 2006.

Akinwunmi JA. Credit guarantee as a strategy for agricultural financing in Nigeria, unpublished paper presented at the Central Bank of Nigeria Workshop in Abuja; 1988.

Bamiro OM, Otunaiya AO, Idowu AO. Economics of horizontal integration in poultry industry in South-West Nigeria. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 2012;11:39-46.

Ololade RA, Olagunju FI. Determinants of access to credit among rural farmers in Oyo State, Nigeria, Global Journal of Science Frontier Research Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences. 2013;13(2):50-58.

Oluwole OE, Emikpe BO, Olusaga BO. Attitude of poultry farmers towards vaccination against Newcastle disease and avian influenza in Ibadan, Nigeria. Sokoto Journal Veterinary Sciences. 2012;10(1):5-42.
Availale:https://www.researchgate.net>2723

Aromolaran AK, Ademiluyi IO, Itebu OJ. Challenges of small scale poultry farms in layers production in Ibadan Oyo State Nigeria. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences. 2013;13(2).
Available:https://globaljournals.org>

Chioma G, Afodu O, Akinboye F, Ndubuisi-Ogbona L, Ogunnowo D. Impact of access to credit on poultry farmers’ performance in Ikenne Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development. 2017;6(6):50-55.
Available:https://www.academeresearchjournals.org>

Otunaiya AO, Adeyonu AG, Bamiro OM. Technical efficiency of poultry egg production in Ibadan Metropolis, Oyo State, Nigeria. Economics. 2015;4(3):50-56.
Available:http://www.sciencepublishnggroup.com/j/eco

Effiong EO, Onuekwusi GC. Maximum likelihood estimation techniques of rabbit production in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Research Journal of Applied Science. 2007;2(2):165-169.

Idiong IC. Evaluation of technical, allocative and economic efficiencies in rice production systems in Cross-Rivers State, Nigeria. Unpublished Ph.D Dissertation, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike; 2006.

Oladunni NE, Fatuase AI. Economic analysis of backyard poultry farming in Akoko North West Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Health Sciences. 2014;3(1):141-147.
Available:https://www.longdom.org

Ovwigho BO, Mmereole FUC, Udeh I, Akporhuarho PO. Comparison of constraints to poultry producers in Delta State, Nigeria. International Journal of Poultry Science. 2009;8(5):480-484.
Available:citeseerx.ist.psu.edu>down

Liu YF, Chang SJ, Hsu AL. Effects of supplemental vitamin E during the laying period on the reproductive performance of Taiwan Native Chickens. In British Poultry Science. 2006;45(6).