Main Article Content
This study was aimed to evaluate and compare the effects of different selected energy feed stuff namely; Maize (DT1), Guinea corn (DT2), millet (DT3), and wheat (DT4) on the growth performance and body composition of African sharptooth catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell) fingerlings. This energy feedstuff in addition with other feed ingredients was used to formulate four (4) isonitrogenous and isoenergy diets at 40% crude protein. The energy feedstuffs were formulated at 36.31%, 38.26%, 37.09% and 40.05% level of inclusion respectively. The experiment in the ponds used a set of 2 hapas with mesh size 2 mm in each pond measuring 1.62 m2, therefore replicating the experiment 2 times in a completely randomized design The evaluation of the physical parameters revealed that there was no significant difference (p>0.05) in moisture, ash, lipid, fibre, protein and nitrogen free extract among the treatment (diets). The diet with maize (DT1) has the highest growth rate followed by diet containing millet (DT3), guinea corn (DT2) and diet containing wheat (DT4) had the lowest growth rate. This study, revealed that, among the energy feedstuffs evaluated maize (DT1) produced better growth parameters and could be recommended for on-farm aqua-feed.
Dunham RA, Majumdar K, Hallerman E, Bartly D, Mair G, Hulata G, Liu Z, Pongthan N, Bakos J, Penman D, Gupta M, Rothlisberg P, Hoerstgen-Schwark G. Review of the status of aquaculture genetics. In: R. P. Subasinghe P, Bueno MJ, Philips C, Hough SE, Mc Gladdeny & JR Arthur (Eds). Aquaculture in the Third Millennium. Technical Proceeding of the Conference on Aquaculture in the Third Millennium, Bangkok, Thailand, 20-25 February, 2000 PP137-166.NACA. Bangkok and FAO, Rome; 2001.
Hixson SM. Fish nutrition and current issues in aquaculture: The balance in providing safe and nutritious seafood, in an environmentally sustainable manner. Journal of Aquaculture Research and Development. 2014;5(3):2-10.
Adewolu MA, Adoti AJ. Effect of mixed feeding schedules with varying dietary crude protein levels on the growth and feed utilization of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) fingerlings. Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 2010;5: 304-310.
Gabriel UU, Akinrotimi OA, Bekibele DO, Onunkwo DN, Anyanwu PE. Locally produced fish feed: Potentials for aquaculture development in Sub-Saharan Africa. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 2007;2(7):287-295.
Shiau SY, Huang SL. Influence of varying energy levels with two protein concentrations in diets for hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis niloticusx O. aureus) reared in seawater. Aquaculture. 1992;91:143-152.
Owodeinde FG, Ndimele PE. Survival, growth and feed utilization of two clariid catfish (Clarias gariepinus, Burchell, 1822 and Heterobranchus bidorsalis, Geoffrey, 1809) and their reciprocal hybrids. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 2011;27:1249-1253.
Shiau SY, Lin YH. Carbohydrate utilization and its protein-sparing effect in diets for grouper (Epinephelus malabaricus). Anim. Sci. 2001;73:299-304.
Wilson RP. Utilization of dietary carbohydrate by fish. Aquaculture. 1994;124:67-80. Available:http//dx.doi.org/10.1016/0044-8486(94)90363-8
AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemists). Official methods of analysis 16th Edition, Arlington Virginia, USA; 2000.
Bruton MN. The food and feeding behaviour of Clarias gariepinus (Pisces: Clariidae) in Lake Sibaya, South Africa, with emphasis on its role as a predator of cichlids. Trans. of the Zool. Soc. of Lon. 1979;35:47-114.
Carter CG, Lewis TE, Nicholas PD. Comparison of cholesterol and sodium oxide as digestibility markers for lipid components in Atlantic salmon (Salmon salar) diets. Aqua. 2003;225:341-351.
Al-Ogaily SM, Al-Asgah NA, Ali A. Effect of feeding different grain sources on the growth performance and body composition of tilapia, Oreachromes nicoticus (L). Aquaculture Research, King Saudi University, Saudi Arabia. 1996;27:523–529.
Andrews DJ, Rajasski JF, Kumar KA. Pearl millet: New feed grain crop. In J. Janick and J.E. Simon (Eds). New Crops, Willey, New York. 1993;198-208.
Enwere NJ. Food of plant origin, Afro-orbis Pub. Ltd. Nsukka, Nigeria; 1998.